Use this template to cite an entire book, pamphlet, or report. Also, use this template to cite part of a book or encyclopedia, such as an article, chapter, essay, play, poem, or short story. This applies to all formats: print, audio, online, or e-book.
Example – e-book, downloaded to a device
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. E-book, HarperCollins, 2014.
Example – book, 3 authors, edition
Reilly, Mary Jo, et al. Mexico. 3rd ed., Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2012.
Example – poem in a book, 1 author
Medina, Pablo. "The Secret." Cool Salsa: Bilingual Poems on Growing Up Latino in the United States, Holt, 1994, p. 48.
Example – article in an encyclopedia, library database, no author, 2 editors, no pages listed
"Eating Disorders." UXL Encyclopedia of Science, edited by Amy Hackney Blackwell and Elizabeth Manar, 3rd ed., UXL, 2015. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2644300374/SUIC?u=port&xid=6c46c891.
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MLA Format Examples
Parenthetical citation examples:
If the author’s name already appears in the sentence itself then it does not need to appear in the parentheses. Only the page number appears in the citation - this is called ‘author prominent’ because it draws attention to the author.
Sontag has theorized that collecting photographs is a way “to collect the world” (3).
Include the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken in a parenthetical citation after the quote. This way of citing foregrounds the information being cited and is known as an ‘information prominent’.
“To collect photographs is to collect the world” (Sontag 3).
When the author is referred to more than once in the same paragraph, you may use a single MLA in-text citation at the end of the paragraph (as long as the work cannot be confused with others cited).
If you are citing two works by the same author, you should put a comma after the author’s surname and add a shortened title to distinguish between them. If there are two authors with the same surname, be sure to include their first initial in your citation to avoid confusion.
Works cited / bibliography example:
Unlike an MLA in-text citation, you must include all of the publication information in your works cited entries.
Franke, Damon. Modernist Heresies: British Literary History, 1883-1924. Ohio State UP, 2008.
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