Solution For Traffic Congestion Essay

IELTS Traffic Problems Essay

This is a traffic problems essay and the specific topic is the taxing of car drivers in order to reduce these problems.

You are asked to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of introducing such a policy to tackle the issue.

This question is very clear, and it does not specifically ask you for an opinion.

You just need to look at both sides of the issue.

The logical way to answer it would be to discuss each side in a different paragraph.

Sample IELTS Writing

Traffic Problems Essay - Model Answer

Traffic congestion in many cities around the world is severe. One possible solution to this problem is to impose heavy taxes on car drivers and use this money to make public transport better. This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of such a measure.

One of the first benefits of such a measure is that the heavy taxes would discourage car owners from using their cars because it would become very expensive to drive. This would mean that they would begin to make use of public transport instead, thus reducing traffic problems and pollution as well. Another benefit would be that much more use would be made of public transport if it was improved. It is often the case that public transport in cities is very poor. For example, we often see old buses and trains that people would rather not use. High taxes would generate enough money to make the necessary changes.

Nevertheless, there are drawbacks to such a solution. First and foremost, this would be a heavy burden on the car drivers. At present, taxes are already high for a lot of people, and so further taxes would only mean less money at the end of the month for most people who may have no choice but to drive every day. In addition, this type of tax would likely be set at a fixed amount. This would mean that it would hit those with less money harder, whilst the rich could likely afford it. It is therefore not a fair tax.

To conclude, this solution is worth considering to improve the current situation, but there are advantages and disadvantages of introducing such a policy.

(277 words)


The topic is clearly stated in the general statement of the introduction, and the thesis tells the reader that advantages and disadvantages will be discussed.

It is organized well, with the advantages of such a solution in the first body paragraph and the disadvantages in the next.

Each paragraph has two ideas and they are well signaled and supported.

There are some good uses of tenses to show the writer is discussing the unreal future i.e. something that has not happened (would discourage car owners..., would be a heavy burden...,).


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

There is no denying that in saying that, the increase in traffic and pollution has become a major problem. So many solutions have given to solve it. And one such Solution is that to raise the petrol price. As far as it is concerned to me, I strongly disagree with this statement due to following written arguments.

The first and foremost reason is that increase in petrol price would surely affect the pocket of common man. Because petrol is one of their basic needs.To illustrate, it is evident that, every common man need petrol to run their vehicles to go to work, school, college, and other places. So, if the government would increase the price, even then everyone has to buy it by ignoring their expenditures. So, ultimately, it affects the budget of poor ones.

Another reason is that increase in the price of petrol will lead to raising the cost of other household items. To clear my point of view, I would like to cite an example, that petrol has become a basic need of everyone. A rise in petrol price would affect the cost of products. Because of rising in petrol cost, companies would increase the product price in order to meet the extra cost.

To reduce the traffic, a government must reduce the price of public transportation. For Example, If the government provides cheap and best transportation to the public then surely the traffic problems are reduced to some extent.This step of government promotes the public to leave their private cars at home.Public feel more satisfied and comfortable with this cheap service and prefer public transportation as compared to private transportation. So this step of government will reduce traffic on the roads to some extent.

However, it is also argued by some people that it is a good idea to control the traffic and pollution by increasing the fuel price. For example, in many Arab countries, it has been noted that the rise in petrol price controls the traffic and pollution to a greater extent.

Apart from that, to reduce the traffic congestion problem and pollution government should install that spare parts in bikes, motors as well as in cars that creates less pollution.Moreover, it is a duty of an individual to clean the environment and make pollution free. For this, it is necessary every individual do service of their vehicles at a proper time.So these steps must prove helpful to reduce traffic congestions problems and control pollution.

In conclusion, taking this point into consideration from a person without a shadow of a doubt, I restate that I strongly disagree with this notion. But I would like to suggest that instead of increasing the fuel price, the government has to take some alternative steps to tackle the issue.

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