Nationalism In The Middle East Essays On Poverty

  • Abadan-Unat, N., ed., 1976. Turkish Workers in Europe. Leiden: E J. Brill.Google Scholar

  • Abu-Lughod, J., 1982. “Causes and Consequences of Recent International Labour Migrations in the Arab World”, in M. Hudson, ed., Arab Resources: The Transformation of a Society. London and Canberra: Croom Helm.Google Scholar

  • Adler, S., 1977. International Migration and Dependence. Farnborough, Hants: Saxon House.Google Scholar

  • Alnasrawi, A., 1979. “Arab Oil and the Industrial Economies: the Paradox of Oil Dependency”, Arab Studies Quarterly, I, L. Winter.Google Scholar

  • Askari, H.K., and Cummings, J., 1977. “The Future of Economic Integration within the Arab World”, International Journal of Middle East Studies, VIII, 3 July.Google Scholar

  • Attiga, A., 1980. “Oil and Regional Cooperation among the Arabs”, in R. Mabro, ed., World Energy: Issues and Policies. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Bennoune, M., 1975. “Maghrebin Workers in France”, MERIP Reports, 34. Jan.Google Scholar

  • Birks, J.S., and Sinclair, C.A., 1980. Arab Manpower: The Crisis of Development. New York: St. Martin’s Press; London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar

  • Bonnefant, P., 1978/1979. “Utilisation des recettes petrolierès et strategie des groupes sociaux en Peninsule arabe”, 1 and 2, Maghreb/Machrek, 82 (Oct-Dec 1978) and 83 (Jan-Mar 1979).Google Scholar

  • Al-Chalabi, F.J., 1981. OPEC and the International Oil Industry: A Changing Structure. Oxford: Oxford UP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Demir, S., 1976. The Kuwait Fund and the Political Economy of Arab Regional Development. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar

  • Arab Development Funds in the Middle East. Oxford: Pergamon.Google Scholar

  • Ghantus, E.T., 1982. Arab Industrial Integration. London and Canberra: Croom Helm. 1982.Google Scholar

  • Halliday, F., 1977. “Arab Labour Migration in the Middle East”, MERIP Reports, 59. Aug.Google Scholar

  • Haliwood, P., and Sinclair, S., 1981. Oil, Debt and Development: OPEC and the Third World. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar

  • Ibrahim, S.E., 1982. The New Arab Social Order: A Study of the Social Impact of Oil Wealth. London and Canberra: Croom Helm.Google Scholar

  • Katouzian, M.A., 1978. “Oil versus Agriculture: A Case of Dual Resource Depletion in Iran”, Journal of Peasant Studies, April.Google Scholar

  • Kurbursi, A., 1980. Arab Economic Prospects in the 1980s. Beirut: Institute of Palestine Studies.Google Scholar

  • Lawless, R., Findlay, A.M., and Findlay, A., 1982. Return Migration to the Maghreb: People and Policies, Arab Papers, No. 10. London: Arab Research Centre.Google Scholar

  • Owen, R., 1981. “The Arab Economies in the 1970s”, MERIP Reports, 100/101. Oct-Dec.Google Scholar

  • Paul, J.A., 1976. “Algeria’s Oil Economy: Liberation or Neo-Colonialism?”, in R.A. Stone, ed., OPEC and the Middle East: The Impact of Oil on Societal Development. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar

  • Payne, S., 1974. Exporting Workers: The Turkish Case. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.Google Scholar

  • Poulson, W.B., and Wallace, M., 1979. “Regional Integration in the Middle East: the Evidence of Trade and Capital Flows”, Middle East Journal, XXXIII, 4. Autumn.Google Scholar

  • Quandt, W.B., 1976. “US Energy Policy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict”, in N.A. Sherbiny and M.A. Tessler, eds., Oil: Impact in the Arab Countries and Global Implications. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar

  • Sayigh, Y.A., 1982. “New Framework for Complementarity among the Arab Economies”, in M. Hudson, ed., Arab Resources: The Transformation of a Society. London and Canberra: Croom Helm.Google Scholar

  • Seymour, I., 1980. OPEC: Instrument of Change. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Shihata, I.F.I., 1982. The Other Face of OPEC: Financial Assistance to the Third World. London and New York: Longman.Google Scholar

  • Stork, J., 1976. Middle East Oil and the Energy Crisis. New York and London: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar

  • Swanson, J.W., 1979. Emigration and Economic Development: The Case of the Yemen Arabic Republic. Boulder, Colorado: Westview.Google Scholar

  • Tsakok, I., 1982. “The Export of Manpower from Pakistan to the Middle East, 1975–85”, World Development, X, 4. Apr.Google Scholar

  • Völker, G.E., 1976. “Turkish Labour Migration to Germany: Impact on both Economies”, Middle Eastern Studies, XII, 1. Jan.Google Scholar

  • Akhavi, Shahrough. 1980. Religion and Politics in Contemporary Iran. Albany: State University of New York Press.

    Alker, Hayward R.Jr., and Biersteker, Thomas J.. 1984. “The Dialectics of World Order: Notes for a Future Archeologist of International Savoir Faire.” International Studies Quarterly28: 121–42.

    Almond, Gabriel A., and Verba, Sidney. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Amir Arjomand, Said. 1984. The Shadow of Cod and the Hidden Imam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Antonius, George. 1961. The Arab Awakening: The Story of the Arab National Movement. Beirut: Khayat.

    Axelrod, Robert. 1986. “An Evolutionary Approach to Norms.” American Political Science Review80: 1095–1111.

    Azar, Edward E., and Marlin, Renée E.. 1987. “The Costs of Protracted Social Conflict in the Middle East: The Case of Lebanon.” In Conflict Management in the Middle East, ed. Ben-Dor, Gabriel and Dewitt, David B.. Lexington, MA: Lexington.

    Azar, Edward E., and Moon, Chung-in, eds. 1988. National Security in the Third World: The Management of Internal and External Threats. Baltimore: Center for International Development and Conflict Management.

    al-Baghdadi, Abd al-Qahir. 1919. Muslim Schisms and Sects. Vol. 1. Trans. Seelye, Kate Chambers. New York: Columbia University Press.

    al-Baghdadi, Abd al-Qahir. 1935. Muslim Schisms and Sects. Vol. 2. Trans. Halkin, Abraham S.. Tel Aviv: Palestine.

    Baldwin, David A.1979. “Power Analysis and World Politics: New Trends Versus Old Tendencies.” World Politics31: 161–94.

    Bazargan, Mehdi. 1976. Marz bain-e din va omur-e ejtema'i [Boundaries between religion and social issues]. Houston: Book Distribution Center.

    Bazargan, Mehdi. 1982–1983. Bazyabi-e arzeshha [Reconsideration of values]. 3 vols. Tehran: Nehzat Azadi.

    Bendix, Reinhard. 1960. Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

    Bendix, Reinhard. 1978. Kings or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Bill, James A.1972. The Politics of Iran: Croups, Classes, and Modernization. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.

    Bill, James A.1982. “Power and Religion ta Revolutionary Iran.” Middle East Journal36: 22–47.

    Bill, James A.1984. “Resurgent Islam in the Persian Gulf.” Foreign Affairs63: 108–27.

    Bill, James A.1988. The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Binder, Leonard. 1962. Iran: Political Development in a Changing Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Binder, Leonard. 1986. “The Natural History of Development Theory.” Comparative Studies in Society and History28: 3–33.

    Binder, Leonard, ed. 1966. Politics in Lebanon. New York: Wiley.

    Binder, Leonard, Coleman, James S., La-Palombara, Joseph, Pye, Lucian W., Verba, Sidney, and Weiner, Myron. 1971. Crises and Sequences in Political Development. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Brinton, Crane. 1965. The Anatomy of Revolution. Rev. ed. New York: Vintage.

    Browne, Edward G.1959. A Literary History of Persia. Vol. 4, Modern Times (1500–1924). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce. 1981. The War Trap. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Carmichael, Joel. 1967. The Shaping of the Arabs: A Study in Ethnic Identity. New York: Macmillan.

    Cole, Juan, and Keddie, Nikki R.. 1986. Shiiism and Social Protest. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Cole, William A., and Hammond, Phillip. 1974. “Religious Pluralism, Legal Development, and Societal Complexity: Rudimentary Forms of Civil Religion.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion13: 177–90.

    Connolly, William. 1984. “Introduction: Legitimacy and Modernity.” In Legitimacy and the State, ed. Connolly, William. New York: New York University Press.

    Cottam, Richard. 1964. Nationalism in Iran. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press.

    Dahrendorf, Ralf. 1959. Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    Davies, James C., ed. 1971. When Men Revolt and Why. New York: Free Press.

    Dekmejian, R. Hrair. 1971. Egypt under Nasir. Albany: State University of New York Press.

    Dekmejian, R. Hrair. 1980. “The Anatomy of Islamic Revival: Legitimacy Crisis, Ethnic Conflict, and the Search for Islamic Alternative.” Middle East Journal34: 1–12.

    Dekmejian, R. Hrair. 1985a. Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

    Dekmejian, R. Hrair. 1985b. “Fundamentalist Islam: Theories, Typologies, and Trends.” Middle East Review17: 28–33.

    Deutsch, Karl W.1966. Nationalism and Social Communication. Cambridge: MIT Press.

    Deutsch, Karl W.1980. Politics and Government. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

    Deutsch, Karl W., and Merritt, Richard L.. 1970. Nationalism and National Development: An Interdisciplinary Bibliography. Cambridge: MIT Press.

    Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.

    Durkheim, Emile. [1955] 1966. Suicide: A Study in Sociology. Trans. Spaulding, John A. and Simpson, George. Reprint. New York: Free Press.

    Eckstein, Harry, and Gurr, Ted R.. 1975. Patterns of Authority: A Structural Basis for Political Inquiry. New York: Wiley.

    Edib Adivar, Halide. 1930. Turkey Faces West. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    el-Fathaly, Omar I., and Palmer, Monte. 1980. Political Development and Social Change in LibyaLexington, MA: Heath.

    Emerson, Rupert. 1960. From Empire to Nation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Esposito, John L., ed. 1983. Voices of Resurgent Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Foucault, Michel. 1970. The Order of Things. London: Tavistock.

    Funder, David C.1982. “On the Accuracy of Dispositional versus Situational Attribution.” Social Cognition1: 205–22.

    Gal, Allon. 1973. Socialist Zionism: Theory and Issues in Contemporary Jewish Nationalism. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman.

    Galtung, Johan. 1964. “A Structural Theory of Aggression.” Journal of Peace Research1: 95–119.

    al-Ghazzali, Muhammad. 1953. Our Beginning in Wisdom. Trans. el-Faruqi, Ismail. Washington: American Council of Learned Societies.

    Gibb, Hamilton A. R.1972. Modem Trends m Islam. New York: Octagon.

    Gokalp, Ziya. 1958. Turkish Nationalism and Western Civilization. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Goldziher, Ignac. 1920. Le dogme et la loi de l'Islam. Trans. Arin, Felix. Paris: Paul Geuthner.

    Green, Jerrold D.1982. Revolution in Iran. New York: Praeger.

    Green, Jerrold D.1984. “Countermobilization As a Revolutionary Form.” Comparative Politics16: 153–69.

    Gurr, Ted R.1970. Why Men RebelPrinceton: Princeton University Press.

    Habermas, Jürgen. 1968. Knowledge and Human Interests. Trans. Shapiro, Jeremy. Boston: Beacon.

    Haim, Sylvia G., ed. 1961. Arab Nationalism: An Anthology. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Halpern, Ben. 1961. The Idea of the Jewish State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Hardin, Garrett. 1968. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Science162: 1243–48.

    Harris, Marvin. 1979. Cultural Materialism: The Struggle for a Science of Culture. New York: Random House.

    Harvey, John H., Town, Jerri P., and Yarkin, Kerry L.. 1981. “How Fundamental Is ‘The Fundamental Attribution Error’?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology40: 346–49.

    Harvey, John H., and Weary, Gifford. 1984. “Current Issues in Attribution Theory and Research.” Annual Review of Psychology35: 427–59.

    Hayes, Carlton J.1931. The Historical Evolution of Modern Nationalism. New York: Richard R. Smith.

    Heller, Joseph. 1961. Catch-22. New York: Dell.

    Heradstveit, Daniel. 1979. The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Psychological Obstacles to Peace. Oslo: Universitets Forlaget.

    Herzl, Theodor. 1970. The Jewish State (Der Judenstaat). Trans. Zohn, Harry. New York: Herzl.

    Hourani, Albert. 1962. Arabie Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939. London: Oxford University Press.

    Hudson, Michael C.1977. Arab Politics: The Search for Legitimacy. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Huntington, Samuel P.1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Husaini, Ishak M.1956. The Moslem Bretheren. Beirut: Khayyat.

    Ibn-Babuwaihi, Muhammad. 1959. Ma'ani alakhbar [The meaning of quoted traditions]. Tehran: Matba'at al-Haidari.

    Ibn-Taymiyyah, Ahmad. 1923–1930. Majmu'at al-rasa'il wa al-masa'il [A collection of treatises and issues]. 3 vols. Ed. Rida, Muhammad Rashid. Cairo: Matbaat al-Manar.

    Jabbari, Ahmad. 1981. “Economic Factors in Iran's Revolution: Poverty, Inequality, and Inflation.” In Iran: Essays on a Revolution in the Making, ed. Jabbari, Ahmad and Olson, Robert. Lexington, KY: Mazda.

    Jervis, Robert. 1968. “Hypotheses on Misperception.” World Politics20: 454–79.

    Jervis, Robert. 1976. Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Jervis, Robert. 1978. “Cooperation under the Security Dilemma.” World Politics30: 186–214.

    Johnson, Chalmers. 1982. Revolutionary Change. 2d ed.Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    Keddie, Nikki R.1968. An Islamic Response to Imperialism: Potitical and Religious Writings of Sayyid Jamal al-Din “al-Afghani.”Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Keddie, Nikki R.1970. “Sayyid Jamal ad-Din ‘al-Afghani’: A Case of Posthumous Charisma?” In Philosophers and Kings: Studies in Leadership, ed. Rustow, Dankwart A.. New York: George Braziller.

    Keddie, Nikki R.1981. Roots of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Kegley, Charles W., and Wittkopf, Eugene R.. 1987. American Foreign Policy: Pattern and Process. 3d ed.New York: St. Martin's.

    Kelley, Harold H., and Michela, John L.. 1980. “Attribution Theory and Research.” Annual Review of Psychology31: 457–501.

    Kerr, Malcolm H.1966. Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Riza. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Khomeini, Rouhollah. [c. 1944]. Kashf-e asrar [Discovery of secrets]. N.p.

    Khomeini, Rouhollah. 1971. Hokumat-e eslami [Islamic government]. N.p.

    Khomeini, Rouhollah. 1978. Neday-e hag [The call of justice]. Aachen: Union of Islamic Students Association.

    Khomeini, Rouhollah. 1988. “Ezhar-e nazar-e sarih va mohemm-e maqam-e moazzam-e rahbari dar bareh-e ekhtiyarat-e motlaqeh-e hokumat-e eslami” [The clear and important expression of the leader's view on the absolute powers of the islamic government]. Ettela'at, 7 January.

    Kuhn, Thomas S.1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Lakatos, Imre. 1973. “Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs.” In Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, ed. Lakatos, Imre and Musgrave, Alan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Lasswell, Harold D.1959. Politics: Who Gets What, When, How?Cleveland: World.

    Lewis, Bernard. 1961. The Emergence of Modem Turkey. London: Oxford University Press.

    Lewis, Bernard. 1976. “The Return of Islam.” Commentory61: 39–49.

    Lewis, Bernard. 1985. “Islamic Political Movements.” Middle East Review17: 23–27.

    Macdonald, Duncan B.1903. Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence, and Constitutional Theory. London: Charles Scribner's.

    McLellan, David S.1983. “The International System: Unequal and Revolutionary.” In The Theory and Practice of International Relations, ed. Olson, William C.. 7th ed.Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Mawdudi, Abul A'la. 1980. Islamic Way of Life. Trans. Khurshid Ahmad. Salimiah (Kuwait): International Islamic Federation of Student Organizations.

    Mills, James S.1939. “Representative Government.” (selections). In Modern Political Doctrines, ed. Zimmern, Alfred. London: Oxford University Press.

    Moursi Badr, Gamal. 1987. “Islamic Law and the Challenge of Modern Times.” In Law, Personalities, and Politics of the Middle East, ed. Piscatori, James. Boulder: Westview.

    Muller, Edward N., and Seligson, Mitchell A.. 1987. “Inequality and Insurgency.” American Political Science Review81: 425–52.

    Munson, HenryJr., 1988. Islam and Revolution in the Middle East. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Na'ini, Muhammad H.1979. Tanbih al-ommat va tanzih al-mellat ya hokumat at naxar-e eslam [Exposition to the nation and refinement of the believers; or. Government from the islamic perspective]. Tehran: Enteshar.

    Nie, Norman H., and Verba, Sidney. 1975. “Political Participation.” In Handbook of Political Science, vol. 4, ed. Greenstein, Fred I. and Polsby, Nelson. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

    Nuseibeh, Hazem Z.1956. The Ideas of Arab Nationalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

    Pahlavi, Muhammad R.Answer to History. New York: Stein & Day.

    Parsons, Talcott. 1964. “Some Reflections on the Place of Force in Social Process.” In Internal War: Problems and Approaches, ed. Eckstein, Harry. New York: Free Press.

    Perlmuter, Lawrence C., and Monty, Richard A., eds. 1979. Choice and Perceived Control. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Pipes, Daniel. 1981. Slave Soldiers of Islam: The Genesis of a Military System. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Pirages, Dennis, and Ehrlich, Paul. 1974. Ark II. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

    Pye, Lucian W.1962. Politics, Personality, and Nation Building. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Pye, Lucian W.1971. “The Legitimacy Crisis.” In Crises and Sequences in Political Development, ed. Binder, Leonardet al.Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Pye, Lucian W.1972. China: An Introduction. Boston: Little, Brown.

    Pye, Lucian W., and Verba, Sidney, eds. 1965. Political Culture and Political Development. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Quattrone, George A.1982. “Overattribution Unit Formation: When Behavior Engulfs Person.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology42: 593–602.

    Quattrone, George A., and Tversky, Amos. 1988. “Contrasting Rational and Psychological Analyses of Political Choice.” American Political Science Review82: 719–36.

    Querry, Amédée. 1871–1872. Droit musulman: recueil de loi concernant les Musulmans Schyites [Muslim rights: a collection of the laws of the Shiite Muslims]. 2 vols. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.

    Qutb, Muhammad. 1979. Islam and the Crisis of the Modern World. Trans. Khurshid Ahmad. London: Islamic Foundation.

    Qutb, Sayyid. 1975. Dar sayeh-e Qur'an [In the shadow of the Qur'an]. Trans, (into Persian) Aram, Ahmad. Ba'albek, Lebanon. N.p.

    Qutb, Sayyid. 1980. Ayandeh der qalamrow–e eslam [The future in the domain of Islam]. Trans. (into Persian) Khamene'i, Ali. Beirut: Holy Qor'an. N.p.

    Qutb, Sayyid. N.d. Milestones. Cedar Rapids, la. N.p.

    Rainey, Gene E.1975. Patterns of American Foreign Policy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

    Razi, G. Hossein. 1981a. “Social Background and Democratic-Authoritarian Attitudes in a Non-Western Society: A Study of the Iranian Elite.” Comparative Politics14: 53–74.

    Razi, G. Hossein. 1981b. “Development of Political Institutions in Iran and Scenarios for the Future.” In Iran: Essays on a Revolution in the Making, ed. Jabbari, Ahmad and Olson, Robert. Lexington, KY: Mazda.

    Razi, G. Hossein. 1985. “The Effectiveness of Resort to Military Force: The Case of Iran and Iraq.” Conflict Quarterly3: 44–57.

    Razi, G. Hossein. 1987. “The Nexus of Legitimacy and Performance: The Lessons of the Iranian Revolution.” Comparative Politics19: 453–69.

    Razi, G. Hossein. 1988. “An Alternative Paradigm to State Rationality in Foreign Policy: The Iran-Iraq War.” Western Political Quarterly41: 689–723.

    Renan, Ernest. 1882. Qu'est-ce qu'une nation?Paris: Caiman-Levy.

    Riker, William H., and Ordeshook, Peter C.. 1973. An Introduction to Positive Political Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Rodinson, Maxime. 1978. Islam and Capitalism. Trans. Pearce, Brian. Austin: University of Texas Press.

    Rosen, Steven J.1972. “War Powers and the Willingness to Suffer.” In Peace, War, and Numbers, ed. Russett, Bruce M.. Beverly Hills: Sage.

    Ross, Lee. 1977. “The Intuitive Psychologist and His Shortcomings: Distortions in the Attribution Process.” In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. Berkowitz, Leonard. New York: Academic.

    Russett, Bruce M., and Starr, Harvey. 1985. World Politics: The Menu for Choice. New York: W. H. Freeman.

    Rustow, Dankwart A.1967. A World of Nations: Problems of Political Modernization. Washington: Brookings Institution.

    Rustow, Dankwart A.1970a. “The Study of Leadership.” In Philosophers and Kings: Studies in Leadership, ed. Rustow, Dankwart A.. New York: George Braziller.

    Rustow, Dankwart A.1970b. “Ataturk As Founder of a State.” In Philosophers and Kings: Studies in Leadership, ed. Rustow, Dankwart A.. New York: George Braziller.

    Rustow, Dankwart A.1987. Turkey: America's Forgotten Ally. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

    al-Shahrastani, Muhammad. 1842–1846. Kitab almilal wa-al-nihal [Book of communities and sects]. 2 vols. Ed. Cureton, William. London: Society for the Publication of Oriental Texts.

    Shariati, Ali. 1973. Tashayyo-e alavi va tashayyo-e safavi [Alavi Shiism and safavi Shiism]. Tehran: College of Literature and Social Sciences.

    Shariati, Ali. 1978. Ommat va emamat [Imamat and the community of the believers]. Tehran: Qalam.

    Shariati, Ali. 1979. On the Sociology of Islam. Trans. Algar, Hamid. Berkeley: Mizan.

    0 Thoughts to “Nationalism In The Middle East Essays On Poverty

    Leave a comment

    L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *