Why Use Fluency Practice Passages
Fluency is a key foundational skill that helps students read complex text with greater understanding. When students read with accuracy and expression at an appropriate reading rate, their fluency supports their comprehension. Repeated reading practice with short passages improves word recognition and automaticity.
Timed Reading Procedures
You will need:
- Two copies of the assessment passageone for the student and one for the instructor
- Stopwatch or clock
- Clipboard (so students will not see what you are writing)
Administer a one-minute reading, starting the stopwatch when the student begins the first word of the passage (the student will not read titles). Tell the student that if she or he has trouble (struggling for more than 3 to 5 seconds), you will say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one minute, say "Stop," stop the stopwatch, and circle the last word read.
During the reading, resist the urge to correct mistakes. Mistakes and self-correction will be accounted for in the score. If the student has extreme difficulty, stop the test. Reassure the student that she or he will redo the assessment after further reading practice. You should select a lower level passage for the next assessment.
Follow along on your copy word by word with your pencil. Make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or cannot read without help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
- Skipped words
- Mispronounced words
- Word substitutions, including incorrect forms of the word
- Words in the wrong order; both or all words are counted as wrong
- Struggling that lasts for 3 to 5 seconds, or more
The following are not considered misses:
- Added words
- Varying pronunciation due to accent, dialect, or speech impediment
- Repetitions in which the wording is correct
- Self-correcting a mistake; the word is scored as correct.
Timed Reading Scoring
- Count the total words the student reads in one minute using the words-per-line totals listed in the margin. This is the student's words-per-minute reading rate. Mark this on the chart at the bottom, along with the date of the reading.
- Count the number of errors (slashes). Record the number in the "errors" box under 1 if this is the first reading, 2 if it is the second reading, and so on.
- Subtract the number of errors from the total number of words read to find the number of correct words read.
- Divide the number of correct words by the total words read and multiply this result by 100. This is the student's accuracy percentage.
- Record this number in the box.
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words-per-minute standard for their grade level with an accuracy rate of 90 to 95 percent.
|Total words read: 60|
Number of errors: 6
|Number of correct words:|
60 6 = 54
54/60 = 0.9
0.9 x 100 = 90%
Grade 2 Reading Comprehension
Use these free, printable worksheets to practice and improve reading comprehension, vocabulary and writing. Each worksheet includes a short fiction or non-fiction passage followed by some questions. These worksheets are at a 2nd grade level.
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Reading Worksheets - Leveled
These grade 2 reading comprehension worksheets are taken from a series of leveled reading workbooks ranging in difficulty from A to Z, according to the Fountas and Pinnell grading system. The full workbooks are available for download from our bookstore from only $2.49 / book.
More Reading Worksheets
Each fiction passage or poem is followed by 4 questions. Most passages are 150-200 words long. Questions ask the students to recall what they have read. Space is provided for written answers, or the child may just verbalize an answer to his parent or tutor.
Alien Money Fiction, 260 words
Cardboard Town Fiction, 287 words
Playing Catch Fiction, 154 words
Going to the Movies Fiction, 150 words
Dave and Grant Love Kayaking Fiction, 155 words
Changes Non-fiction, 181 words
The Clean Park Fiction, 200 words
Don't Give Up Poem, 94 words
The Camping Trip Fiction, 195 words
Fire Alarm Non-fiction, 203 words
Giving Fiction, 314 words
Guitar or Ballet? Fiction, 200 words
Going to the LIbrary Non-fiction, 190 words
How to Draw a Shark Non-fiction, 245 words
Pen Pals Fiction, 297 words
Playground Fiction, 164 words
Sharks Non-fiction, 149 words
Springtime Tadpoles Fiction, 190 words
Grandpa's Cooking Fiction, 170 words
Race cars Fiction, 215 words
The Washing Machine Box Fiction, 170 words
Historical Reading Worksheets
Each historical passage or fable is followed by 4 questions. The language level is aimed at beginning readers. Questions for grade 2 students are focused on recalling information directly from the text.
John and Dick do Not Like Rats Fiction, 140 words
A Big, White, Hen Fiction, 245 words
Ten Little Cookies Poem, 70 words
Little by Little Fiction, 250 words
The Bomb Fiction, 170 words
Moving On Fiction, 400 words
The Coat Fiction, 160 words
In Search of Flowers Fiction, 115 words
Here is a Nest Fiction, 150 words
Hide and Seek, Fiction, 185 words
Pretty Fish, Fiction, 160 words