Analytical Expository Essay Animal Farm

When you’re reading for pleasure, you can take your time and enjoy it, much like watching a movie. You don’t have to think about deeper meanings, symbolism, or the characters unless you want to.

But then there’s reading for school. When your teacher gives you an essay question before you start reading, the reading can be a little easier—you have a focus.

But trying to come up with your own topic can be a little difficult. You have to read the book first, see what you get from it, and build your essay around it. And often, you have to read some parts again.

To help give you a focus, I have a few ideas you can keep in mind while reading Animal Farm. You can use them before you start reading to learn what to watch out for as you read (and what to take notes on).

If you’re already done with the book and just don’t know where to start with your essay, these ideas can help you too.

Go through the following list, and pick a topic that you think you know very well or that you relate to. This will help make your Animal Farm essay much easier and more enjoyable to write.

Ready to dive in?

First, a Brief Summary

To make sure we’re all on the same page before we get into topics for your Animal Farm essay, let’s establish a basic summary of events in the book.

Old Major, an old boar, calls a meeting with all the animals on Farmer Jones’s farm. He says that the animals are slaves to Jones and that he’s using them for his own gain without sharing the wealth with them.

He calls for a revolution. Three days later, Old Major kicks the bucket. The animals then run Jones off the land and rename it Animal Farm (real creative, these guys).

Snowball is idealistic. He puts his efforts into teaching the animals to read and establishing commandments, such as no animals sleeping in beds, no animals killing other animals, and all animals are equal.

Things are going pretty well, and all the animals are working together to produce a lot. Boxer is notable here because he’s the strongest of all of the animals and has a strong work ethic to match.

Snowball wants to build a windmill so that they can have electricity. It’s a big endeavor, and Napoleon opposes it. Napoleon brings out the dogs—literally.

The dogs attack Snowball and chase him away. Napoleon takes over and says that the pigs will make all of the decisions for the whole farm. (You can see where this is starting to take a turn for the worse.)

Napoleon decides to build the windmill anyway. Again, Boxer is there doing a lot of the work. Halfway through construction, the windmill falls over, and Napoleon blames a bitter Snowball.

Anyone opposed to Napoleon is seen as a conspirator with Snowball and is killed by Napoleon’s dogs.

The pigs start living in the lap of luxury. They sleep in Jones’s bed, drink whiskey, and start trading with other farmers. These were against Snowball’s rules—the original tenets of Animal Farm.

But Squealer always seems to have a way to explain the rule changes in ways the other animals accept.

A neighbor farmer, Mr. Frederick, blows up the windmill, and then the animals have a battle with the farmers. Boxer is badly injured but still goes to work trying to rebuild the windmill.

After he can’t take it any longer, he’s sold to the glue factory to pay for the pigs’ whiskey. The cover story is that he was taken to the hospital and died peacefully.

As time goes on, the pigs start acting even more like humans, even walking upright. They change the original “no killing, no sleeping in beds, etc.” rules into just one phrase: “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”

Napoleon changes the name of the farm back to its original title, Manor Farm. He meets with some human farmers and talks to them about ruling over the working classes.

And the working animals at Manor Farm watch, unable to see the differences between the pigs and the humans.

Now that you have a basic feel for the story, let’s get into some themes, shall we?

Topics About Characters

Many authors know that the characters in a story are what sell it. They can be symbols or not, but they must serve a purpose. George Orwell knew this well, which is why there are so many ways to use his characters as the basis of your Animal Farm essay.

Consider the following topics for yours:

  1. Compare and contrast the ruling styles of Snowball and Napoleon.
  2. Discuss the ways in which Jones and Napoleon are similar.
  3. Are there any characters you view as protagonists?
  4. Discuss how the names of the characters illustrate their personalities. (e.g. Boxer is strong, Napoleon is power-hungry, etc.)
  5. In what ways does Boxer symbolize the working class?
  6. Why is Boxer (or any other character you relate to) important to the story?
  7. What does Squealer symbolize?

Need help with writing a character analysis? Read How to Write a Character Analysis That Works and 2 Character Analysis Essay Examples With Character.

I understand if it’s a little hard for you to relate to the characters in Animal Farm enough to write about them. So how about some non-character-related topics?

Topics About Themes

Orwell never wrote a story that didn’t have a very strong theme. In the case of Animal Farm, it had several.

Here are some topics for your Animal Farm essay centered around those themes:

  1. Describe what you believe is the main theme of Animal Farm.
  2. How does power corrupt the pigs?
  3. How were the socialist ideas of Old Major and Snowball corrupted by Napoleon?
  4. Discuss the correlation of the novel to the Russian Revolution.
  5. Although the novel is a commentary on the Russian Revolution, how are its themes still relevant today?
  6. Are people naturally inclined to split up by class?
  7. How does Orwell depict the naivety of the working class?
  8. How did the pigs use language to control the other farm animals?

Characters and themes are fairly concrete. If you want to dig a little deeper into literary devices, check out some topics about symbolism.

Topics About Symbolism

Animal Farm is packed to the brim with symbolism, mainly with the characters themselves, but also in the events that occur.

You can choose just one symbol and discuss it in a lot of depth or choose a few of the topics below to focus on Orwell’s use of symbolism in general.

  1. Discuss the symbolism of any of the major characters.
  2. How does Animal Farm symbolize human civilization in general?
  3. How can the windmill stand for the pigs’ power?
  4. Can the windmill be seen as a symbol for the spread of communism?
  5. Compare events in Animal Farm, such as the hens’ revolution, to the history of the Russian Revolution.

What Happens After You Write Your Animal Farm Essay?

Once you have selected your topic, it’s time to write your essay. We have a few other posts about writing literary analyses, analytical essays, and thesis statements if you need some direction with the writing process.

You can also look at these Animal Farm essay examples for inspiration if you need it:

Once you’re done, be sure to have the Kibin editors take a look. They’ll not only make sure that your grammar and spelling are in check, but also that the flow and content of your whole essay are on track.

Good luck!

Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

This Animal Farm by George Orwell Expository Writing Lesson focuses on Text Dependent Analysis and using Text Evidence as Support to develop a Constructed Response / Essay. The lesson comes complete with a Brainstorming section, a Thesis Statement development component, and an Expository Writing Tutorial.



Literature Prompts Bundle


This is an Explanatory / Expository Essay Prompt

“Literature Based Writing Prompt - Animal Farm” - Both the speech that Old Major makes at the beginning of the novel (including the song, “Beasts of England”), and the speeches of Squealer show how persuasive words can be in convincing others to do or believe something. Think about the power of words used throughout the novel. Explain how Orwell develops the theme of the power of words in his novel, Animal Farm.


This Animal Farm Expository / Explanatory Writing Prompt lesson comes complete with:

Animal Farm Lesson Plan which includes:

• Common Core State Standards Indicated on Lesson Plan
• Instructional Focus
• Instructional Procedures
• Objectives/Goals
• Direct Instruction
• Guided Practice
• Enrichment
• Differentiation
• ESE Strategies
• ELL Strategies
• I Can Statement
• Essential Question

Animal Farm Student Worksheet includes:

• Prompt
• Rubric
• Brainstorming Section
• Thesis Statement Development
• How to Write an Expository Essay Tutorial

Animal Farm PowerPoint Presentation includes:

• Introduction slide with prompt (interactive for students to identify key vocabulary)
• Brainstorming slide (interactive for students to list ideas)
• Standard and Implied Thesis Development Slides
• How to Write an Expository Essay Tutorial
• Checklist slide


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Jamie Edwards

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