1 Wrap gifts in fabric and tie with ribbon; both are reusable and prettier than paper and sticky-tape.
2 Start a compost heap to reduce the waste you send to landfill sites.
3 Buy your own hive: without bees the planet would last for only 60 years (and honey is good for your health).
4 Use a nappy washing service: they use 32% less energy and 41% less water than home washing.
5 Slow down. Driving at 50mph uses 25% less fuel than 70mph.
6 Wash your clothes with your flatmates' instead of wasting water on half-empty loads.
7 Turn down your central heating and put on a jumper.
8 Take a brisk shower, not a leisurely bath, to save water.
9 Hold a Tupperware party. Airtight food containers can be reused; sandwich bags and plastic wrap cannot.
10 Choose energy-efficient appliances when you replace old ones.
11 Buy compact fluorescent light bulbs. They last eight times as long and use a fraction of the energy.
12 Join a library instead of buying books.
13 Get to know your neighbours; they are more likely to keep your home safe than energy-guzzling security lamps.
14 Recycle your car oil at a recycling depot or petrol station; it contains lead, nickel and cadmium.
15 Get on your bike instead of driving.
16 Let them carry you off in a biodegradable cardboard coffin, saving trees.
17 Use low-phosphate washing-up liquid and washing powder. Phosphates stimulate algal growth when discharged into the water supply, lowering oxygen levels and killing plants and fish.
18 Buy local, or better still, grow your own food, so energy is not wasted on transportation.
19 Raise your glass to organic beer; conventionally grown hops are sprayed up to a dozen times a year.
20 Use recycling facilities. If there aren't any, ask your council for them.
21 Ditch the air-conditioner and buy an aspidistra; plants help cut pollution.
22 Take the plunge and move in with your partner so you light and heat one home rather than two.
23 Give a colleague a lift to work; if no one is going your way, join a carshare scheme to find a passenger.
24 Cook for friends. Large quantities of food use less packaging than the same quantity in individual portions (and take less energy to cook).
25 Copy ministers by holidaying in Britain (but unlike them, skip the follow-up trip to Tuscany).
26 Give your garden a good breakfast; coffee grounds and eggshells are ideal for composting.
27 Refuse plastic carrier bags, or at least reuse them. Cloth bags are better.
28 Donate your leftover paint to a community project; Britons fail to use 6.2m litres of the paint they buy each year.
29 Drink tap or filtered water, not bottled.
30 Invest in a washing line; tumble dryers devour electricity.
31 Buy chocolates from proper chocolate stores, so they are not individually wrapped.
32 Turn off TVs and stereos instead of switching them to standby.
33 Lighten up: paint your walls a pale colour, so you need less artificial light.
34 Only flush toilets if really needed; follow the Australian maxim: "If it's yellow that's mellow, if it's brown flush it down."
35 Improve the ambience and dine by candlelight, saving electricity.
36 Insulate your home. Cavity wall insulation can cut heat loss through the wall by up to 60%.
37 Buy from companies with eco-friendly policies; boycott those without.
38 Soak up the sun; even in Britain, solar panels can produce a surprising amount of energy.
39 Clean the back of your fridge. Dusty coils can increase energy consumption by 30%.
40 Avoid air travel; it produces three times more carbon dioxide per passenger than rail.
41 Pretend Christmas has come early; turkey is more likely than chicken to be produced in the UK, while British-grown brussel sprouts require less transport than Kenyan mangetout.
42 Grow plants to give to friends instead of cut flowers.
43 Choose a car with a 3-way catalytic converter, to reduce nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons emissions by 90%.
44 Ban blinds. Heavy curtains keep in more heat in winter.
45 Change materials as well as rooms; MDF and chipboard release formaldehyde, a carcinogen. Buy sustainably produced wood instead.
46 Cut up the plastic rings from packs of beer; they are invisible in water so wildlife can choke on them or trap themselves.
47 Bring a mug to the office instead of using polystyrene cups.
48 Snap up a 36-exposure film instead of 24, reducing waste from packaging and processing.
49 Cancel that expensive gym membership and walk to work instead.
50 Buy less. Save time and money as well as the planet.
Suggestions submitted by Guardian journalists and staff, the World Wildlife Fund and The Ecologist magazine's book Go Mad! 365 Daily Ways to Save the Planet. See www.theecologist.org
Save the Forest
The evolution of people and animals was only possible because of plants. Plants are the base of the food chain and the source of energy for almost all life on Earth. Forests are ancient, mature communities of plants and animals, with homes and places for thousands of species. Forests give us oxygen, food, shelter, medicines, fuel, and furniture. Forests protect us from the heat of the sun, and from wind, cold, and rain. Forests maintain the balance of nature, the environment, the climate, the weather, and the composition of the atmosphere. As a matter of fact, forests are our life. But what are we doing? We are destroying the forests, meaning we are destroying our life and our future. All the problems we face today are made worse by deforestation. If we are thinking beings, we must save plants and forests, because they save us.
Save the Wildlife
We can’t say the Earth belongs to humans; living things were using it for billions of years, before our own species showed up just some five million years ago. Our Earth belongs to all living things, if it belongs to any of them. But we overpowered many species and killed them for our use. Now thousands of species are extinct because their habitat is gone. As a matter of fact, these animals, birds, and insects have actually built a better environment for us, provided us with so many things: they are not just creatures, but the real creators of nature. We are here on Earth because they are here on Earth. If they are gone, we will also be gone. So the only wise thing to do is to save wildlife and its habitat.
Save the Environment
Through deforestation, urbanization, industrialization, and pollution, our environment is being destroyed. Flows of energy, nutrients, and other elements are disrupted. Global warming and climate change are the major threats to Earth and all human beings. Due to carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases emitted by civilization, heat is building up in the atmosphere at a rate not seen for tens of millions of years. The cities are becoming “heat islands.” Pollution is becoming a great killer. Levels of air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, and food contamination are high. Human interference has brought nature close to destruction. Now we all must come together to prevent pollution and save the environment and humankind.